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Declaration of the Khayelitsha Food Security Summit

Declaration-of-the-Khayelitsha-Food-Security-Summit

Declaration of the Food Security Summit held in Khayelitsha on 24 and 25 May 2013

We, the delegates gathered here at the Khayelitsha Campus of the False Bay College, have engaged over the last two days about the challenge of food security facing our communities. With the benefit of listening to a keynote address by the Minister of National Planning, an address by the acting Mayor of Cape Town and various inputs from the Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (DAFF), the Provincial Department of Agriculture, the City of Cape Town, the Philippi Horticultural Area Food and Farming Campaign and the Mitchells Plain Education Forum (MPEF); and having participated in vigorous discussions in commissions that covered the following critical areas of urban food security:

  1. Enabling urban food production and access to markets for small-scale farmers;

  2. Addressing the health and well-being of urban residents through food-based interventions (e.g. household and community gardens, nutrition education, making healthy foods more accessible in the market);

  3. Social safety nets to ensure food security: The role of civil society and government in assisting vulnerable groups;

  4. Urban planning and governance as tools to address food insecurity; and

  5. Food justice and the Right to Food;


And having had the privilege of conducting site visits to the Siyazama Community Gardens, the Rocklands Primary School and the Philippi Agricultural Area;


And further noting:

  • That food security is defined by the FAO as: “[T]he condition when all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active, healthy life.”


Although much of the focus has historically been on ensuring the availability of food at the national scale, household-scale food security is comprised of availability of food, access to food, use of food, and the stability of availability, access and use. Each of these dimensions needs to be addressed in order to ensure food security for urban residents.


There has been a remarkable turnaround since about 2005 in child underweight and stunting trends (although the latter, especially, is still too high) but at the same time there has been a steady upward trend in both mean Body Mass Index figures (with the mean now close to technical obesity) for adults (both male and female).


Food insecurity is not simply determined by household poverty and food choices, but also by market structure, food pricing, access to safe storage and cooking technologies, access to social protection, amongst others.

We therefore resolve :

  • To ensure the utilisation of existing land attached to people’s houses for food gardens, beginning immediately with a pilot project in at least one Mitchells Plain and one Khayelitsha street;

  • To engage National, Provincial and Local government authorities, parastatals as well as private land owners including churches and mosques to release excess land at schools, churches, correctional and health services facilities;

  • To lobby the City of Cape Town to ensure that urban agriculture is included as one of the land uses in the spatial development framework;

  • To engage with the owners and prospective owners of the “DENEL” land at Swartklip to ensure that the development plan includes clear set-asides for urban agriculture to benefit the surrounding communities;

  • To protect all agricultural-zoned land within the City of Cape Town and on the urban edge from opportunistic attempts to rezone and/or sell such land;

  • To initiate a focused land audit to identify appropriate land for urban agriculture within the South East Metro region. This audit should be completed within six months;

  • To investigate the use of the wetlands within the PHA for organic farming;

  • To campaign for the establishment of an agricultural support centre/hub to support all aspirant agriculturists and farmers in the South East Metro;

  • To support subsistence smallholders as well as commercial farming where viable within the South East Metro;

  • To support small-scale producers with access to abattoirs, warehouses and packaging facilities to ensure that these producers obtain maximum value from the various stages of the production and distribution chain;

  • To support the objections to all attempts to rezone the Philippi Horticultural Area, including the consideration of legal steps to secure this land for urban agriculture. In particular, the Summit agreed to organise a special presentation to the leadership of KDF and MPEF as well as the steering committee concerning the 475 hectares Rapicorp 122 land;

  • To initiate awareness programmes on balanced meals in the community;

  • To have education programmes on the dietary causes of diabetes;

  • To initiate comprehensive training on the establishment and maintenance of household and community gardens, especially for people who are not able to buy and store fresh vegetables;

  • To promote early childhood and school-centred solutions to provide balanced meals for poorly nourished children. Such solutions should include food gardens at schools and kitchens with trained community dieticians/nutritionists. This could include community development workers and those employed by the Community Works Programme.

  • That the NPC be requested to assist to ensure alignment and co-ordination of government programmes regarding social safety nets;

  • That a social compact including KDF and MPEF and other role players should be established to drive social security provisioning in these areas;

  • That the IDP of the City should be used as a tool to address the food security needs of the community on a sustainable basis. Such IDPs should include a clear programme of land release to support a fair social safety net and be informed by the need for a local food security strategy;

  • To reaffirm that Khayelitsha and Mitchells Plain have been declared as Presidential urban renewal nodes and that this status should be maintained to ensure ongoing support from all spheres of government;

  • That co-operatives should be the main vehicle through which community food production takes place and that there should be an urgent investigation as to the status of the Khayelitsha Poverty Reduction Programme;

  • That recipients of Child Support Grants should be monitored as part of the social compact to ensure that they complete their schooling;

  • That there should be community consultation about urban space utilisation for food gardens;

  • That there should be national regulation for food retailing;

  • That there should be monitoring by the City of both food pricing as well as quality;

  • That, as part of the process of finalising the National Food and Nutrition Security Policy, an opportunity should be created to discuss the use of pesticides, GMOs and other farming production inputs;

  • To develop proposals about preferential trading for those producers selling healthy and locally produced food and to lobby for implementation of these proposals by the City;

  • That central to the attainment of the right to food is to ensure adequate access to land, water and appropriate seed;

  • To embark on a programme to strengthen all community-based organisations involved in urban agriculture by securing support for organisational development, funding and capacity building;

  • To call for the urgent finalisation of the National Food and Nutrition Security Policy and ensure an opportunity for dialogue and participation as part of this process;

  • To fully support Section 27 of the South African Constitution and call on Parliament to urgently address the required legislation and regulatory framework to give effect to these provisions;

  • To call on DAFF and the broader social cluster within Government to convene a broader Western Cape summit for all urban communities in the province on urban food security, with the possible support of the NPC. To further call on DAFF and the social cluster to convene similar food security summits in at least one urban centre in each of the nine provinces;

  • To support the unregistered ECD centres to obtain registration so that they may benefit from the relevant state subsidy;

  • To convene a public forum in the South East Metro to discuss the impact of GMOs on food security;

  • To call for an urgent engagement with the relevant Government departments to ensure that the ECD, Primary and High school curricula include the provision of practical skills for the production of food;

  • To approach DAFF and DTI to conduct a value chain study to assess the income earned by small-scale producers as well as other participants within the South East Metro;

  • To initiate a broad public awareness campaign about food justice and the right to food.


We further resolve that, in order to ensure the implementation of this declaration, the KDF and MPEF executives should convene the steering committee within two weeks to develop an implementation plan to take the content of this decaration forward.


We further noted the following offers and proposals:

  • Bidvest offer to enter an MOU regarding the purchase of product grown by community growers;

  • An Urban Agriculture Exhibition (Show) for Khayelitsha and Mitchells Plain;

  • Youth Animal Show;

  • Agricultural focus school to serve Khayelitsha and Mitchells Plain;

  • A social media intervention, including cellphone technology, for community nutrition and farming networks; and

  • Invitations, both formal and informal, for a community delegation to visit various organisations in China, Cuba, Brazil and Italy.

And thus resolve that these proposals be further discussed by the steering committee to be convened by the KDF and MPEF.


In conclusion we declare our deep gratitude to all those responsible for organising and funding the Food Security Summit in Khayelitsha.


Our special thanks are noted to the following Sponsors:

•DAFF

•Old Mutual

•City of Cape Town (URP)

•Brimstone

•Khayelitsha Community Trust


We leave this summit energised and passionate about implementing the contents of this declaration and are confident that we will make progress in the struggle against poverty and food insecurity.

Sunday 26 May 2013


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